Tuscan Bread | Pane Toscano

Slices of Tuscan bread, or Pane Toscano, on a baking sheet

Of all the breads I make, this classic bread from Tuscany, called Pane Toscano, is one of my favorites.

Top shot of pane toscano, tuscan bread

Its probably one of the breads I make most frequently in my kitchen, even more than sourdough bread, and the reasons are obvious: its crisp but not heavy crust and its soft, pillowy crumb, which makes it perfect for dunking it into soups or sauces. It is also the perfect bread to make bruschetta, if you have a mind to.

What makes the process of making this bread a little different is that it starts out with a biga, a starter thats kinda like a sourdough starter on speed.

The biga is a starter made with flour, water and yeast, and you start it the previous night, let it stand and flourish and ferment a bit overnight, and then make a dough with it the next morning. So if youve been wanting to make a sourdough starter and have been sitting on the fence about it, this is a good one to begin with.

But to be clear, a biga is not a sourdough starter: it has lots of flavor, but not the flavor of sourdough, developed over days and months and years. It has added yeast, unlike sourdough which uses natural yeast seduced from the atmosphere. Also a dough made with biga will rise much faster than a dough made with sourdough starter alone.

Because the biga needs eight hours to develop, Id advise starting on this bread the evening before if you plan to have it for lunch the next day, or rather early in the morning if you want it in time for dinner.

Tips and Tricks for making the perfect Pane Toscano:

  • Give it time. This is not a bread to make in a rush because you want all of that wonderful flavor. So remember to make your biga or starter the night before, and give it time to bubble up and ferment in a warm place.
  • You can make this dough with all purpose flour, as I did this time, or you can add in a cup of whole wheat flour for a little more complexity and flavor. When I use whole wheat flour, I add it the night before, to the biga.
  • Your dough should be smooth and soft, not firm, but it should not be sticky. So when youre kneading it, if it starts sticking to the bowl or your hands, make sure you add some flour, but not too much.
  • This is a freeform bread, and I usually shape it up into a boule and let it rise on a baking sheet. The resulting loaf is huge, so if you want to separate it into two loaves, that would work too. Or shape it into a long loaf, like a batard.
  • I recently got a banneton basket and wanted to see how this bread would rise in it, so I used it when I last made this bread. It shaped up quite nicely, rings and all.
  • That said, I made one mistake when I proofed the bread in the banneton. I didnt feel like spoiling that beautiful design by scoring the bread, which I usually do. Not a good idea, because the gases in the fermented biga need to escape and as a result my banneton loaf ended up cracking at the base. It still looked beautiful, though, and came out quite perfect. But this is just a reminder to score that bread.

Looking for more vegan bread recipes?

Tuscan Bread (Pane Toscano) Recipe:

A loaf of tuscan bread or pane toscano, baked in a boule shape

Looking for more vegan bread recipes?

A front shot of a Tuscan bread loaf or pane Toscano loaf proofed in a banneton basket

Rustic Tuscan Bread

A crusty, fluffy Tuscan bread
Course Bread
Cuisine Italian, Vegan
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 40 minutes
Total Time 40 minutes
Servings 16 servings
Calories 155kcal



  • Bloom the yeast and water in a large bowl for five minutes. Then add in 1 3/4ths cup flour and mix by hand or in a stand mixer. Cover and set aside to rise in a warm place, about 8 hours or overnight.
  • Add 3 cups flour and knead until a smooth but soft dough forms. It should come off the sides of the bowl and shouldn't feel sticky. Knead in the olive oil and continue kneading in the stand mixer for eight minutes, with the speed set to medium, or by hand for 10-15 minutes. Add flour, a little at a time, if the dough starts sticking to the bottom of the pan while kneading.
  • Place the dough in an oil-coated bowl, cover with a kitchen towel, and set aside for two hours or until it's doubled.
  • Lightly oil a baking sheet and cover it with some cornmeal or semolina. This will make it easier to slide the loaf off the baking sheet.
  • Punch down the dough and shape it into a round by pulling on the sides and tucking them underneath. You can either set the loaf to rise on a baking sheet or, if you have a banneton, place it inside the banneton, smooth side down, to rise. Cover the dough loosely with a shower cap or, if it's rising on the baking sheet, sprinkle some flour on top to prevent it from sticking and cover with a kitchen towel. Let the dough rise another 1 1/2 hours or until the loaf has doubled in size.
  • About half an hour before baking, heat the oven to 425 degrees. Place a small, ovenproof pan in the lowest rack of the oven.
  • With a sharp knife or a serrated knife, make two quick gashes, like a cross, on the top of the loaf, taking care not to deflate it.
  • Place the bread into the preheated oven, and immediately add a cup of water to the ovenproof pan you'd already placed in the lowest rack of the oven.
  • Bake the bread for 40 minutes. Remove from the oven and place the loaf on a rack to cool.
  • After the bread has cooled, slice with a serrated knife.


Calories: 155kcal | Carbohydrates: 30g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 1g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Sodium: 2mg | Potassium: 56mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 1g | Calcium: 6mg | Iron: 2mg

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